Angular6 SSR

第一步 Angular 项目构建

  • ng new projectName --style=scss

第二步 Angular SSR配置

  • cd projectName
  • npm install --save @angular/platform-server @nguniversal/module-map-ngfactory-loader ts-loader @nguniversal/express-engine

第三步 app.module.ts修改

  • 把imports里面的BrowserModule替换为BrowserModule.withServerTransition({ appId: ‘tour-of-heroes’ }),及其它修改,修改后结果如下
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';

import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import { PLATFORM_ID, APP_ID, Injectable, Inject } from '@angular/core';
import {
  HttpClientModule,
  HttpRequest,
  HttpInterceptor,
  HttpHandler,
  HttpEvent,
  HTTP_INTERCEPTORS
} from '@angular/common/http';
import { FormsModule} from '@angular/forms';
import { isPlatformBrowser, APP_BASE_HREF, LocationStrategy, PathLocationStrategy} from '@angular/common';
import { HeaderComponent } from './components/header/header.component';
import { FooterComponent } from './components/footer/footer.component';
import { AsideComponent } from './components/aside/aside.component';
import { AppRoutingModule } from './app-routing.module';
import { TipsComponent } from './components/tips/tips.component';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs';
@Injectable()
export class Interceptor implements HttpInterceptor {
  intercept(req: HttpRequest<any>, next: HttpHandler): Observable<HttpEvent<any>> {
    const url = 'api请求地址';

    req = req.clone({
      url: url + req.url
    });

    return next.handle(req);
  }
}

@NgModule({
  declarations: [
    AppComponent,
    HeaderComponent,
    FooterComponent,
    AsideComponent,
    TipsComponent
  ],
  imports: [
    BrowserModule.withServerTransition({ appId: 'projectId'}),
    FormsModule,
    HttpClientModule,
    AppRoutingModule
  ],
  providers: [
    { provide: APP_BASE_HREF, useValue: '/' },
    { provide: LocationStrategy, useClass: PathLocationStrategy},
    { provide: HTTP_INTERCEPTORS, useClass: Interceptor, multi: true }
  ],
  bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule {
  constructor(
    @Inject(PLATFORM_ID) private platformId: Object,
    @Inject(APP_ID) private appId: string) {
    const platform = isPlatformBrowser(platformId) ?
      'in the browser' : 'on the server';
    console.log(`Running ${platform} with appId=${appId}`);
  }
}

第四步 projectName/src/app 添加app.server.module.ts

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { ServerModule } from '@angular/platform-server';
import { ModuleMapLoaderModule } from '@nguniversal/module-map-ngfactory-loader';

import { AppModule } from './app.module';
import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
@NgModule({
  imports: [
    AppModule,
    ServerModule,
    ModuleMapLoaderModule
  ],
  providers: [
    // Add universal-only providers here
  ],
  bootstrap: [ AppComponent ],
})
export class AppServerModule {}

第五步 projectName/src 添加 main.server.ts

export { AppServerModule } from './app/app.server.module';

第六步 projectName/src 添加 tsconfig.server.json

{
  "extends": "../tsconfig.json",
  "compilerOptions": {
    "outDir": "../out-tsc/app",
    "baseUrl": "./",
    "module": "commonjs",
    "types": []
  },
  "exclude": [
    "test.ts",
    "**/*.spec.ts"
  ],
  "angularCompilerOptions": {
    "entryModule": "app/app.server.module#AppServerModule"
  }
}

第七步 修改angular.json

{
	"projects": {
		"projectName": {
			"architect": {
				"lint":{...},
				"server":{
					"builder": "@angular-devkit/build-angular:server",
		            "options": {
		              "outputPath": "dist/server",
		              "main": "src/main.server.ts",
		              "tsConfig": "src/tsconfig.server.json"
		            }
				}
			}
		}
	}
}

第八步 projectName/ 下添加 server.ts

// These are important and needed before anything else
import 'zone.js/dist/zone-node';
import 'reflect-metadata';

import { enableProdMode } from '@angular/core';

import * as express from 'express';
import { join } from 'path';

// Faster server renders w/ Prod mode (dev mode never needed)
enableProdMode();

// Express server
const app = express();

const PORT = process.env.PORT || 这里填你喜欢的端口;
const DIST_FOLDER = join(process.cwd(), 'dist');

// * NOTE :: leave this as require() since this file is built Dynamically from webpack
const { AppServerModuleNgFactory, LAZY_MODULE_MAP } = require('./dist/server/main');

// Express Engine
import { ngExpressEngine } from '@nguniversal/express-engine';
// Import module map for lazy loading
import { provideModuleMap } from '@nguniversal/module-map-ngfactory-loader';

app.engine('html', ngExpressEngine({
  bootstrap: AppServerModuleNgFactory,
  providers: [
    provideModuleMap(LAZY_MODULE_MAP)
  ]
}));

app.set('view engine', 'html');
app.set('views', join(DIST_FOLDER, 'browser'));

// TODO: implement data requests securely
app.get('/api/*', (req, res) => {
  res.status(404).send('data requests are not supported');
});

// Server static files from /browser
app.get('*.*', express.static(join(DIST_FOLDER, 'browser')));

// All regular routes use the Universal engine
app.get('*', (req, res) => {
  res.render('index', { req });
});

// Start up the Node server
app.listen(PORT, () => {
  console.log(`Node server listening on http://localhost:${PORT}`);
});

第九步 projectName/ 下添加 webpack.server.config.js

const path = require('path');
const webpack = require('webpack');

module.exports = {
  entry: { server: './server.ts' },
  resolve: { extensions: ['.js', '.ts'] },
  target: 'node',
  mode: 'none',
  // this makes sure we include node_modules and other 3rd party libraries
  externals: [/node_modules/],
  output: {
    path: path.join(__dirname, 'dist'),
    filename: '[name].js'
  },
  module: {
    rules: [{ test: /\.ts$/, loader: 'ts-loader' }]
  },
  plugins: [
    // Temporary Fix for issue: https://github.com/angular/angular/issues/11580
    // for 'WARNING Critical dependency: the request of a dependency is an expression'
    new webpack.ContextReplacementPlugin(
      /(.+)?angular(\\|\/)core(.+)?/,
      path.join(__dirname, 'src'), // location of your src
      {} // a map of your routes
    ),
    new webpack.ContextReplacementPlugin(
      /(.+)?express(\\|\/)(.+)?/,
      path.join(__dirname, 'src'),
      {}
    )
  ]
};

第十步 修改package.json,然后npm install -s -y

devDependencies:{
	"webpack-cli": "~3.1.0" /*这是新增项*/
}
scripts:{
	"build:ssr": "npm run build:client-and-server-bundles && npm run webpack:server",
    "serve:ssr": "node dist/server.js",
    "build:client-and-server-bundles": "ng build --prod && ng run projectName:server",
    "webpack:server": "webpack --config webpack.server.config.js --progress --colors",
}

第十一步 npm run build:ssr

第十二步 npm run serve:ssr

打开浏览器访问结果如下:有SSR的情况

这里写图片描述

npm run start:无SSR的情况

这里写图片描述


还有一个分包加载的问题,还请路过的大大指教一二,谢谢!

帮你编辑了一下,最后的两张图没有出来,你把图补好之后帮你推送出去。

已经赋给你发送文章的权限。

谢谢。

👌

ssr的项目在记载网页的时候,会出现一次闪动,无解~~

target ‘server’ could not be found in project 'my-app’这个可能是什么原因呢,项目名是my-app

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